If Mussoorie is "Queen of the Hills," then Landour must be the fairer princess, even though it contains some of the oldest settlements. Rokeby Manor, MussoorieBritish forces occupied this region of Garhwal following the Ghurka wars in the second decade of the 19th century. Colonel Frederick Young, an Irish officer in the East India Company army constructed the first permanent dwelling at Mullingar in 1825. Landour takes its name from Llanddowror, a small town in Wales. Rokeby Manor, MussoorieIn 1827, it became a convalescent depot for British troops suffering from malaria and other tropical diseases. Those who did not survive are buried in the cemetery on the north side of the hill. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a British Military Hospital was established and remained open until 1947.

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